MBA404 Consumer Behaviour
& Marketing Psychology
Assessment 2 Webinar
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Assessment 2 Overview
LO1: Demonstrate an understanding of and be able to explain the determinants of
consumer behaviour.
LO2: Analyse the role of perception, attitude, motivation, group and individual
differences, culture, family and lifestyle on consumer behaviour.
LO5: Research and report on contemporary consumer behaviour such as
attitudes, group influences, culture, social class, consumer learning processes,
organisational and personal buying decision making.
What is due in Week 6?
Saturday the 29th of August 2020
09:00 AM (AEST)
The Task
Your first task is to create a survey comprising of 10 questions that
designed to examine why customers decided to purchase your
chosen product or service. These questions should inquire survey
participants about perception, attitudes, motivation, and cultural
factors. Please note that this survey should not ask participants
questions about product or service quality/attributes and
customer satisfaction.
You will need to provide the 10 questions that you will use in Survey
Monkey to survey 10 participants who purchased the chosen
product/service in assessment 1 to your workshop facilitator via
MyKBS, under ‘assessments tab’ ‘Survey Questions and Objectives
Validation’ icon.
In providing the list of ten questions, you must also include objective/s
that link to each of the questions and corresponding answer options in
a nested table.
To recap: Question Types
Open-Ended Question
Describe the experience
you had today at your local
supermarket.
Closed-Ended Question
Did you have a good
experience today at your
local supermarket?
Formerly Closed, now Open-Ended
What caused you to have such an
experience at your local supermarket
today?
To recap: Question Types Cont.
Likert Scale
On a scale of 1-5, with 1
being Dissatisfied and 5
being Satisfied, please
indicate to what extent you
agree with the following
statement:
“Volvo is the safest car.”
Multiple Choice Questions
It’s important to observe that
even a simple behaviour like
shampooing is tied to:
A) Gender
B) Social class
C) Ethnicity
D) Age
E) All of the above
Creating Survey Questions
• Start with a theory/concept in mind and unpack its
application by determining if it applies to your
decision-making process.
• Please keep it simple. Eliminate any unnecessary
questions.
• Pay close attention to the wording of your
questions: avoid using complicated terms.
• Each question should have a defined objective.
• Start with high-interest questions and close with
demographic questions (if applicable).
LEGO Harry Potter Example
Let’s presume that you are planning to ask me a set of questions
based on my recent purchase of the LEGO Harry Potter set for
my daughter’s birthday as a present.
Attitudes
We know now that an attitude is a learned tendency to respond
consistently towards a given object. Likewise, we understand
that the Attitude Function Theory has four functions: Utilitarian,
Social Identity, Ego-defensive, and Knowledge.
If you were to ask me a question in regards to my attitudes, here
is a fitting example that uses MCQ format:
Lego Harry Potter Example Cont.
Question: ‘Chose one or more of the following options that suit
best your decision-making process when you bought the LEGO
Harry Potter set for your daughter’s birthday.
Options:
• Utilitarian Function: I wanted to produce the highest amount of
happiness for my daughter/me
• Social Identity Function: I wanted to reaffirm my self-concept
through the eyes of my daughter
• Ego-defensive Function: I wanted to ensure that my
daughters present does not compromise my or her self-image
• Knowledge Function: I wanted to provide my daughter with a
structure regarding my attitude or opinion for this product.
Objective: To understand the survey respondents’ attitude
function towards the LEGO Harry Potter set.
Lego Harry Potter Example Cont.
Attitudes Cont.
We know that Heider’s Balance Theory examines the
psychological inequality, i.e. the balance theory. In other
words, we want to maintain psychological stability, and we
form relationships that balance our likes and dislikes.
Therefore, you could ask me the following Likert scale
question:
Lego Harry Potter Example Cont.
Question: In purchasing the LEGO Harry Potter set for your
daughter’s birthday, please rate on scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being
not important and 5 very important, how important it was for you
to ensure that your daughter has the same attitude as you
towards this product?
Options:
1: Not important
2: Slightly important
3: Moderately important
4: Important
5: Very important
Objective: To determine if psychological stability influenced the
respondents’ attitude when they bought the Lego Harry Potter
set.
Lego Harry Potter Example Cont.
Perception
We know that it refers to a consumer’s awareness and
interpretation of reality. Likewise, we know that with instrumental
(operant) conditioning, the behaviour is conditioned through
positive or negative reinforcement. Reinforcers are stimuli that
strengthen the desired response. So, in this case, you could ask
me the following open-ended question:
Question: ‘In buying the LEGO Harry Potter set for your
daughter’s birthday, describe the intended behaviour that you
were hoping your daughter to display towards this product.’
Objective: To determine if the operant conditioning was relevant
to the respondent’s consumer decision making process.
Lego Harry Potter Example Cont.
Cultural Factors
We know that a reference group is any group to which an individual
looks for guidance as to what are appropriate values, attitudes or
behaviours. Likewise, we know that there are three main types of
reference groups: Membership, Aspiration and Dissociative. Based on
this, you could ask me the following MCQ question:
Question: As to which of the following groups do you think you belong
to?
Options:
A. An adult fan of LEGO (AFOL)
B. A die-hard fan of Harry Potter (Potterhead)
C. A & B
D. None of the above
Objective: To determine the reference group of the respondents and its
relevance to the purchase of the LEGO Harry Potter set.
Format of Submission
This validation step is worth 10% of
your grade for this assessment,
and you will not be able to submit
the 4-page survey analysis or any
other assessment in this subject
until your workshop facilitator has
approved your questions, so be
wise and don’t be late.
Any Questions?
What is due in Week 9?
Monday 14th of September 2020
11.55 PM (AEST)
The Task
Once your workshop facilitator has validated your survey
questions, your next task is to seek “real” and valid participants
who legitimately purchased the chosen product or service that
you analysed in Assessment 1 and to invite them to take your
survey. You only need to gather 10 responses, and it is
recommended that you either distribute your survey to friends,
family, colleagues or others who have also bought the same
product/service as you. Please note that the fabrication of
responses will yield an overall failing grade for this
assessment.
But I don’t know how to create a
survey via Survey Monkey…
To start, please visit the
following website:
https://www.surveymonkey.
com/user/sign-up/
From there, the system will
ask you to create your free
account.
Watch closely as I
demonstrate how to create
a survey via Survey
Monkey!
The Task Cont.
Once you’ve created your survey and collected participants’
responses, you are required to write your summary that includes:
• a one-page statement outlining the purpose of the survey and
justification of the chosen administration method;
• a one-page summary of gathered responses; and
• a two-page critical analysis of the key findings that you have
identified.
In preparing your survey analysis, you are also required to use
theories and concepts related to consumer behaviour discussed
in weeks 3 to 5 by incorporating consumer behaviour literature
into your analysis. In referencing your survey, video from the first
assessment and other sources of information, you must use
Kaplan Harvard Referencing Style.
The Task Cont.
These may include government publications, industry reports,
and journal articles. These references should be presented as
in-text citations and a reference list at the end of your written
analysis (not included in the page limit).
In finalising your submission, you must also include appendices
section comprising of your Survey Monkey login details, and
screenshots of Survey Monkey graphical representation of
results (not included in the page limit).
This survey analysis is worth 25% of your grade for this
assessment, and it will serve the basis for the third assessment
in this subject.
The Task Cont.
For more useful tips on how to use Survey Monkey, please view the
YouTube channel via the following link:
https://www.youtube.com/user/SurveyMonkey.
The 4-page survey analysis file must be submitted as a ‘Word’
document to avoid any technical issues that may occur from incorrect
file format upload. Uploaded files with a virus will not be considered as
a legitimate submission. Turnitin will notify you if there is an issue with
the submitted file. In this case, you must contact your workshop
facilitator via email and provide a brief description of the issue and a
screenshot of the Turnitin error message.
You are also encouraged to submit your work well in advance of the
deadline to avoid any possible delay with the Turnitin similarity report or
any other technical difficulties.
Any Questions?

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Assessment Task 1: Questions

After accessing the National Quality Framework, answer the following questions:

1. What are the National Quality Standards and list 3 ways in which they will benefit parents and children?

2. There are seven quality areas covered by the National Quality Standards. List the seven quality areas.

3. Describe what quality area 5 aims to achieve.

4. In quality area 5, there are two standards (5.1 and 5.2). List these standards. Explain in your own words what this standard is trying to achieve.
Standard 5.1
Standard 5.2

5. According to the Early Years learning framework; Belonging, being & becoming, name four things you can do to promote children to have a strong sense of wellbeing?

6. According to the Early Years learning framework; Belonging, being & becoming, name four things that you can do to ensure a child feels safe, secure and supported.

7. According to the Early Years learning framework; Belonging, being & becoming, name four things that you can do to help increase a child’s interest in their own health and physical well-being.

8. According to the Early Years learning framework; Belonging, being & becoming, name four things that you can do to help increase a child’s verbal and non-verbal communication?

9. Identify three social or emotional cues from a child between six to 12 months of age.

10. Identify three social or emotional cues from a child between one to two years of age.

11. Identify three social or emotional cues from a child under six months of age.

12. Access the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and identify what each article is. Fill in the following table:

Article 2
Article 3
Article 16
Article 28
Article 29
Article 30
Article 31
Article 36
Article 42

13. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child consists of 54 articles and is guided by four fundamental principles. What are these principals?

Principal 1

Principal 2

Principal 3

Principal 4

14. Describe in your own words, how you as an educator in the childcare sector contribute to the four guiding principles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

15. According to the Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years what are two ways to encourage infants (birth to 1 year) in physical activity?

16. According to the Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years how many hours per day should Preschoolers (3 to 5 years) be active for?

17. According to the Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 5-12 years what type of activities should children participate in? Give an example

18. Why are patterns and routines important for child wellbeing? Why is it important to account for individual differences for impact of change?

19. Children respond to the impact of change in different ways. What are 3 possible behaviours that a child may show when faced with sudden change?

20. What are 2 potential emotions a regulated education and care service worker may come across from a child starting in a care service for the first time? What is a potential behaviour associated with each of the emotions you have identified?

21. Do regulated education and care services require a sun safe policy? Why or why not?

22. Name 2 resources a regulated education and care service can provide to reduce sun exposure

23. Why is it important to regularly wash your hands?

24. When changing a child, how many times will you wash your hands? Give examples in your answer?

25. In your own words, give a definition of what “code of ethics” means

26. Give three examples of how your work would reflect ethics in childcare

27. What are 2 strategies to reduce the impact of distress at the separation of parents and children at arrivals?

28. Why is it important to establish a routine in reference to arrivals and departures and how does this minimise distress at separation of parent and child?

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Assessing and Treating Bipolar Disorder
Introduction
Bipolar disorder is one of the psychological conditions affecting people of various age brackets both male and female. Clinicians should select the best treatment options depending on the patient factors. For example, Lithium is one of the best medications prescribed to treat bipolar disorders. Clinicians should also educate the patients about the side effects of Lithium (Malhi et al., 2017). The drug affects the kidney and thyroid systems are affected by long-term use of Lithium. Clinicians should also consider various ethical issues to prevent lawsuits. Treatment of bipolar disorder requires selecting the best medication and assessing the patient as they continue taking the medication.
Decision #1
The first decision is to compare the number of medications to decide the best option. The options available include Lithium 300mg orally BID, Risperdal 1 mg orally BID or Seroquel XR 100 mg orally HS. The best decision among the three medications to treat bipolar disorder with manic episodes is Lithium 300mg orally BID. Lithium is one of the widely used medication to treat bipolar disorders (Malhi et al., 2017). It is effective in reducing the severity and frequency of mania or bipolar depression. Clinicians also recommend the medication to patients to prevent future manic attacks (Stahl, 2013). Another reason for selecting the 300mg dosage of Lithium is that it is effective in female patients. Clinicians begin treatment with a low dosage to monitor patients and reduce the severity of side effects related to pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (Ketter et al., 2016). An assessment of the kidney and thyroid system is required before prescribing the drug to avoid adverse effects.
The expectation upon prescribing the medication is that the patient will reduce the frequency and severity of manic attacks. Another expectation is that Lithium will suppress the symptoms including irritated mood, poor quality of sleep, unusual frequency of talking, organized thoughts, and reduce distractions (Malhi et al., 2017). The expectations are that the patient should have a lower Young Mania Rating Scale. Currently, the Young Mania Rating Scale is 22 according to a clinical assessment. For example, the patient should record a low mood change frequency and low irritability. Lithium also helps patients to improve interaction with peers and family members after four weeks of taking the medication (Stahl, 2013). She should also freely engage in daily activities such as going to work, eating, sleeping, cooking and doing house chores.
The patient returns to the clinic after four weeks. She indicates that little improvement has occurred after taking the medication. However, she confesses that she has not taken the medication consistently. According to the Young Mania Rating Scale, the patient still has 22 points. Therefore, she has not made any progress. One of the reasons for the lack of progress is due to the inconsistent administration of the drug. Another reason could be due to the low dosage of the drug.
Decision #2
The second decision involves increasing the dosage to 450mg orally BID. Randomized control trials indicate that increasing the dosage is effective since it boosts the therapeutic ability of the drug (Findling et al., 2019). The second decision also involves educating the patient on the purpose of taking Lithium medication consistently. While educating the patient, it is essential to determine why the patient is not taking the medication consistently (Stahl, 2013). Another decision is that the patient should take the medication and report back to the clinic after four weeks. Researchers indicate that four weeks is ample time for the Lithium drug to suppress the bipolar disorder symptoms.
The expectation after administering a higher dosage of the drug is that the patient demonstrated improved symptoms after four weeks. Currently, the patient is still demonstrating symptoms such as bipolar depression, hyperactivity, mood changes, and aggression (Findling et al., 2019). Other symptoms include poor quality of sleep, poor interaction with peers and low appetite. Lithium drug is an effective medication in the management of the bipolar disorder and helps patients to improve daily interactions and participation in basic tasks (Findling et al., 2019). Therefore, it is expected that after four weeks the symptoms will have improved significantly. Majorly, the expectation is to help the patient to participate in daily activities and improve the quality of life.
The patient returned to the clinic after four weeks. The presentation of the patient was an indication that the expectations had been met significantly. One of the outcomes is that the patient confessed she had taken the medication consistently after the awareness. The patient appreciated that she received the education and the medication had suppressed the symptoms. One of the improvements in the patient was the reduction of bipolar disorder, an improvement in the quality of sleep, appetite, reduction in hyperactivity and the ability to participate in daily activities. Additionally, the patient recorded a reduction in the Young Mania Rating Scale. According to the scale, the patient had 11 points, which is a 50 percent improvement in the symptoms. The patient also reported an increase in weight, which was expected. Weight gain is a common adverse effect of using Lithium for bipolar disorder.
One of the differences between the outcome the expectations is that the patient only had a 50 percent improvement. The difference could be due to the time and that if the patient takes the drug for another four weeks, she can improve 100 percent.
Decision #3
Decision #3 is to continue with the medication, Lithium 450mg orally BUD, since it has positive results on the patient. Research also shows that Lithium takes several weeks to create a significant change in an individual. The only side effect is an increase in weight which is a common side effect (Ketter et al., 2016). Changing the drug may not be healthy for the patient since it could lead to loss of weight. Losing weight is not healthy for the patient since it can affect their body functionality. Therefore, it is important to continue with the drug and change it to manage the weight after treating bipolar disorder. Lithium 450mg is an effective drug since it prevents future manic and depressive episodes (Stahl, 2013). It is also prescribed for long-term treatment as maintenance therapy. The drug is effective since it works on the brain and the central nervous system to control the mood.
During the drug prescription for another four weeks, it is important to notify the patient about other side effects during the long-term administration of the drug. Patients should take 8-12 glasses of water to avoid lithium from affecting the thyroid or kidney function (Ketter et al., 2016). The patient should also avoid taking salt above normal levels. During the prescription, it was also important to check the level of lithium concentration in the patient. The reason is that Lithium is metabolized differently in female patients compared to male patients (Stahl, 2013). Therefore, the dosage can be reduced once the patient improves significantly to avoid adverse effects.
The expectation is that the patient will manifest a 100 percent improvement in various symptoms after four weeks. For example, I expected the patient to report better quality of sleeping, improved interaction with other people and a reduction in mood changes. Research shows that the administration of Lithium for several weeks is effective in the treatment of the bipolar disorder (Ketter et al., 2016). It is also recommended for patients with symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, hyperactivity, lack of sleep, and racing thoughts.
The outcome of the treatment is that the patient recorded a 100 percent improvement in symptoms. When the patient returned to the clinic, the expressed their joy that they had experienced better quality of sleep with no hallucinations. The patient also participated in daily activities without hyperactivity, mood changes, and racing thoughts. The expectations of the treatment had been met. However, a lower dosage of the drug can be prescribed or a different drug for therapeutic maintenance purposes to prevent the reoccurrence of the symptoms.
Ethical Considerations and Treatment
Ethical considerations are important during treatment to enhance the quality of treatment and prevent lawsuits. One of the ethical considerations during the treatment is to educate the patient about the effects of Lithium drugs (Stahl, 2013). For example, the adverse effects of Lithium is adding weight. The explanation is essential to discard therapeutic misconception. A patient is also entitled to information about changes in medication or dosage and reasons for the changes. Another consideration is to get the informed consent of the patient regarding treatment (Muir et al., 2019). The patient should agree to receive treatment and comply with the treatment goals. Treatment of mental conditions also requires confidentiality. All the information about the patient should be kept confidential. Clinicians risk legal implications if they do not comply with the privacy and confidentiality requirements in the treatment of mental conditions.
Clinicians should observe the human rights of a patient. Despite the medical condition of the patient, it is essential to avoid any violation of human rights or dignity. Healthcare providers should also provide care while observing justice and fairness (Muir et al., 2019). Fairness means caring for all patients without any bias. Consequently, clinicians are advised to avoid any conflict of interest such as providing care to patients with whom they have other relations (Stahl, 2013). For example, a PMHNP would be unethical for caring for a family member. Additionally, PMHNP should be ready to provide care to patients during emergencies. If a clinician fails to provide care, he would be deemed unethical (Muir et al., 2019). Therefore, the various ethical considerations are essential to improve the quality of treatment of mental health patients.
Conclusion
Treatment of bipolar requires a series of decisions. A series of decisions helps in monitoring the improvements in a patient. Lithium is one of the best medications used to treat bipolar disorders. During the prescription, it is important to educate a patient about the need to take the medication consistently. Patients should also adhere to the treatment to ensure better results. PMHNP should consider various ethical issues that affect the treatment of mental conditions such as bipolar disorder. Treatment of the bipolar disorder is effective when PMHNP choose the best medication among the available choices and assess the outcomes for appropriate changes.

References
Findling, R. L., McNamara, N. K., Pavuluri, M., Frazier, J. A., Rynn, M., Scheffer, R., … & Rowles, B. M. (2019). Lithium for the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorders: a double-blind, placebo-controlled discontinuation study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 58(2), 287-296.
Ketter, T. A., Miller, S., Dell’Osso, B., & Wang, P. W. (2016). Treatment of bipolar disorder: Review of evidence regarding quetiapine and lithium. Journal of Affective Disorders, 191, 256-273.
Malhi, G. S., Gessler, D., & Outhred, T. (2017). The use of lithium for the treatment of bipolar disorder: recommendations from clinical practice guidelines. Journal of Affective Disorders, 217, 266-280.
Muir, H. J., Coyne, A. E., Morrison, N. R., Boswell, J. F., & Constantino, M. J. (2019). Ethical implications of routine outcomes monitoring for patients, psychotherapists, and mental health care systems. Psychotherapy, 56(4), 459.
Stahl, S. M. (2013). Stahl’s essential psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific basis and practical applications (4th ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

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Page 1 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
HOLMES INSTITUTE
FACULTY OF
HIGHER EDUCATION
Assessment Details and Submission Guidelines
Trimester T2 2020
Unit Code HI5020
Unit Title Corporate Accounting
Assessment Type Individual Assignment
Assessment Title Issues in Cash Flow Statement
Purpose of the
assessment (with ULO
Mapping)
This assignment aims at developing a clear understanding of students about income statement
and cash flows statement; and use of cash flow statement to comprehend different key business
decisions taken by the management. They will have to consult relevant literature and
demonstrate understanding of key concepts. As part of their assignment, they will also conduct
an empirical analysis on cash flow statement. (ULO 1, 2, 4, 5, 6)
Weight 40 % of the total assessments (Written assignment 30 % + Presentation 10 percent)
Total Marks Written assignment 30 marks + Presentation 10 marks
Word limit 3,000 words ± 500 words
Due Date Assignment submission: Final Submission of individual Assignment: 11:59 pm
Wednesday 23rd Sep, Week 10
Late submission incurs penalties of five (5) % of the assessment value per calendar day
unless an extension and/or special consideration has been granted by the lecturer
prior to the assessment deadline
Submission Guidelines • All work must be submitted on Blackboard by the due date along with a completed
Assignment Cover Page.
• The assignment must be in MS Word format, no spacing, 12-pt Arial font and 2 cm margins
on all four sides of your page with appropriate section headings and page numbers.
• Reference sources must be cited in the text of the report, and listed appropriately at the end
in a reference list using Harvard referencing style.
Page 2 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Assignment Specifications
Assessment task:
Part A
Review the existing literature to critically examine the relative information content of the
income statement and the statement of cash flows. Why do investors find both income
statement and statement of cash flows useful?

Part B
Download the annual financial reports of BHP Ltd, Santos Ltd, and Funtastic Ltd for the year
2019, 2018 and 2017. Examine the consolidated Cash Flow Statements for each companies
across three years. Answer the following questions about each of the three cash-flow
statements.
1. For each companies [except mentioned otherwise as in c), g) and i) below], across three
years on the Statement of Cash Flows discuss:
a) What are the major sources of cash for each firm? What are the major uses of
cash for each firm?
b) What was the trend in cash flow from (continuing) operations for each firm?
c) Compare and contrast the cash flow from operations with the net profit after tax
in income statement. Explain in detail the major reasons for the difference
between these two figures. (Answer this question using only the Cash flow
statement for BHP Limited).
d) Was the firm able to generate enough cash from operations to pay for all of its
capital expenditures?
e) Did the cash flow from operations cover the dividend payment made by the firm
(if any)?
f) If the firm has generated excess cash from operations, how did the firm invest
the excess cash? If not, what were the sources of cash the firm used to pay for
the capital expenditures and/or dividends?
g) Did the firm use the working capital (current asset and current liability) accounts
other than cash and cash equivalents as sources of cash, or uses of cash? (Answer
this question using only the Cash flow statement for BHP Limited).
h) What other major items affected cash flows for each firm?
i) What was the trend in capital expenditures for each firm?
j) What was the trend in dividends (if any) for each firm?
k) What was the trend in net borrowing (proceeds from borrowing less payments
of short- and long-term debt) for each firm?
l) What was the trend in working capital accounts? (Answer this question using
only the Cash flow statement for BHP Limited).
Page 3 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
2. Critically evaluate the financial strength of each of the three companies based on the
evidence presented in the Statement of Cash Flows, and your answers in (1) above.
3. If you are asked to evaluate these three companies for lending purposes, which of the
three companies you will select for lending? Explain Why.
Assignment Structure should be as the following:
Abstract – One paragraph
List of Content
Introduction
Body of the assignment with detailed answer on each of the required tasks
Summary/Conclusion
List of references
Instruction for video presentation:
Based on your written assignment, you will have to make a summary video presentation ranging for
10 minutes. Your presentation should explain the assignment tasks and your key findings. You will
have to upload the presentation in YouTube and submit the YouTube link in the blackboard so that
the marker can watch and mark your presentation. Your assignment will be marked based on the
following criteria:
Presentation Style (3
marks)
Content (4 marks) Clarity of the
presentation ((3 marks)
Excellent 3-2.5 4-3 3-2.5
Very good 2.5-1.75 3-2.5 2.5-1.75
Good 1.75-1.5 2.5-2.00 1.75-1.5
Satisfactory 1.5-1.00 2.00-1.00 1.5-1.00
Unsatisfactory 1.00-0 1.00-0 1.00-0
Marking criteria
Marking criteria Weighting
Abstract 1%
List of content & overall presentation of the assignment 1%
Introduction 1%
Do the relevant research to critically examine the relative information content of
the income statement and the statement of cash flows. Why do investors find both
income statement and statement of cash flows useful?
5%
Page 4 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
What are the major sources of cash for each firm? What are the major uses of cash
for each firm?
1%
What was the trend in cash flow from (continuing) operations for each firm? 1%
Compare and contrast the cash flow from operations with the net profit after tax in
income statement. Explain in detail the major reasons for the difference between
these two figures. (Answer this question using only the Cash flow statement for BHP
Limited).
1%
Was the firm able to generate enough cash from operations to pay for all of its capital
expenditures?
1%
Did the cash flow from operations cover the dividend payment made by the firm (if
any)?
1%
If the firm has generated excess cash from operations, how did the firm invest the
excess cash? If not, what were the sources of cash the firm used to pay for the capital
expenditures and/or dividends?
1%
Did the firm use the working capital (current asset and current liability) accounts
other than cash and cash equivalents as sources of cash, or uses of cash? (Answer
this question using only the Cash flow statement for BHP Limited).
2%
What other major items affected cash flows? 1%
What was the trend in capital expenditures for each firm? 1%
What was the trend in dividends (if any) for each firm? 1%
What was the trend in net borrowing (proceeds from borrowing less payments of
short- and long-term debt)?
1%
What was the trend in working capital accounts? (Answer this question using only the
Cash flow statement for BHP Limited).
1%
Critically evaluate the financial strength of each of the three companies based on the
evidence presented in the Statement of Cash Flows.
5%
If you are asked to evaluate these three companies for lending purposes, which of the
three companies you will select for lending? Explain Why.
2%
Conclusion 1%
References 1%
Total in Written Assignment 30%
Video presentation 10%
Total 40 %
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HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Academic Integrity
Holmes Institute is committed to ensuring and upholding Academic Integrity, as Academic Integrity
is integral to maintaining academic quality and the reputation of Holmes’ graduates. Accordingly, all
assessment tasks need to comply with academic integrity guidelines. Table 1 identifies the six
categories of Academic Integrity breaches. If you have any questions about Academic Integrity issues
related to your assessment tasks, please consult your lecturer or tutor for relevant referencing
guidelines and support resources. Many of these resources can also be found through the Study Sills
link on Blackboard.
Academic Integrity breaches are a serious offence punishable by penalties that may range from
deduction of marks, failure of the assessment task or unit involved, suspension of course enrolment,
or cancellation of course enrolment.
Table 1: Six categories of Academic Integrity breaches
Plagiarism Reproducing the work of someone else without attribution. When a
student submits their own work on multiple occasions this is known as
self-plagiarism.
Collusion Working with one or more other individuals to complete an assignment,
in a way that is not authorised.
Copying Reproducing and submitting the work of another student, with or
without their knowledge. If a student fails to take reasonable
precautions to prevent their own original work from being copied, this
may also be considered an offence.
Impersonation Falsely presenting oneself, or engaging someone else to present as
oneself, in an in-person examination.
Contract cheating Contracting a third party to complete an assessment task, generally in
exchange for money or other manner of payment.
Data fabrication and
falsification
Manipulating or inventing data with the intent of supporting false
conclusions, including manipulating images.
Source: INQAAHE, 2020
Page 6 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Marking Rubric
Questions Marks Excellent Very Good Good Satisfactory Unsatisfactory
Abstract /1 Apply your judgement
List of content & overall presentation
of the assignment
/1 Apply your judgement
Introduction /1 Apply your judgement
Do the relevant research to critically
examine the relative information
content of income statement and
statement of cash flows. Why do
investors find both income statement
and statement of cash flows useful?
/5 Demonstrate outstanding
knowledge beyond
requirements on the topic.
Extensive relevant research
Independent and in-depth
analysis.
Issues and factors are
presented and analyzed in a
logical manner.
Broad and credible sources of
references have been cited
using proper referencing style.
Demonstrate very good
knowledge on the topic.
Substantial relevant
research.
Issues are discussed
adequately based on
sufficient research.
Adequate references in
proper referencing style.
Demonstrate good
knowledge on the topic.
Adequate relevant
research.
Discussed the issue based
on some research and facts.
Scopes for improvement
remain.
Adequate references in
proper referencing style.
Demonstrate basic
knowledge on the topic.
Some relevant research.
Meet the requirements
but with limited
information and
discussion.
Limited references.
Demonstrate poor
knowledge on the topic.
Limited and/or no relevant
research.
The answers do not meet
the basic requirement as no
factual discussion is
provided.
No reference.
What are the major sources of cash
for each firm? What are the major
uses of cash for each firm?
/1 Major sources of cash and
major uses of cash are
identified and discussed in
detail.
Major sources of cash and
uses of cash are identified.
Detailed discussion is
provided with minor errors.
Major sources of cash and
uses of cash are identified
with minor errors.
Basic discussions are
attempted with minor
errors.
Major sources of cash
and uses of cash are
identified with material
errors.
Basic discussions are
attempted with material
errors.
No clear attempt is made to
identify the major sources
of cash and uses of cash.
No discussion is provided.
Page 7 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Questions Marks Excellent Very Good Good Satisfactory Unsatisfactory
What was the trend in cash flow from
(continuing) operations for each firm?
/1 Trends in the cash flows from
continuing operations are
identified and discussed
adequately.
Demonstrate outstanding
knowledge beyond
requirements on the topic.
Independent and in-depth
analysis.
Issues and factors are
presented and analysed in a
logical manner.
Trends in the cash flows
from continuing operations
are identified.
Discussion is not
comprehensive.
Demonstrate very good
knowledge on the topic.
Issues are discussed
adequately
based on sufficient
research.
Trends in the cash flows
from continuing operations
are identified with minor
errors.
Basic discussion has been
provided with minor errors.
Demonstrate good
knowledge on the topic.
Trends in the cash flows
from continuing
operations are identified
with material errors.
No discussion is
provided.
Demonstrate basic
knowledge on the topic.
Meet the requirements
but with limited
information and
discussion.
No realistic attempt is
made to identify the trend.
No discussion is provided.
Demonstrate poor
knowledge on the topic.
Compare and contrast the cash flow
from operations with the net profit
after tax in income statement. Explain
in detail the major reasons for the
difference between these two figures.
(Answer this question using only the
Cash flow statement for BHP Limited).
/1 Shows a complete
comprehension of the
relationship between net
income and cash flows from
operations.
The reasons for the differences
between these two
figures are identified and
discussed in detail.
The relationship between
net income and cash flows
from operations are
explained.
The reasons for the
differences between these
two figures are identified
and discussed with minor
errors.
The relationship between
net income and cash flows
from operations are
explained.
Identification of the reasons
of the differences between
these two figures contains
material errors.
A reasonable attempt is
made to identify the
relationship between net
income and cash flows
from operations.
A reasonable attempt is
made to identify the
reasons of the
differences between
these
two figures but fail to
completely grasp the
issue.
Errors are identified in
the answer.
A poor attempt is made to
explain the relationship
between net income and
cash flows from operations.
Was the firm able to generate enough
cash
/1 Identify all cash flows from
operation with specific
Identify all cash flows from
operation with specific
Identify all cash flows from
operation with specific
A reasonable attempt is
made to identify cash
flows from operation
No reasonable attempt is
made to identify cash flows
from operation with specific
Page 8 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Questions Marks Excellent Very Good Good Satisfactory Unsatisfactory
from operations to pay for all of its
capital expenditures?
mention of whether it is
positive or negative.
Identify all capital
expenditures and synthesise
the adequacy of cash flows
from operations to cash
required for capital
expenditures.
mention of whether it is
positive or negative.
Identify all capital
expenditures.
Unable to explain whether
the adequacy of cash flows
from operations is
adequate for cash required
for capital expenditures.
mention of whether it is
positive or negative.
Identify most capital
expenditures.
Unable to explain whether
the adequacy of cash flows
from operations is adequate
for cash required for capital
expenditures.
with specific mention of
whether it is positive or
negative.
Identify some capital
expenditures.
Unable to explain
whether the adequacy of
cash flows from
operations is adequate
for cash required for
capital expenditures.
Some errors are
identified in the answer.
mention of whether it is
positive or negative.
Fail to identify most capital
expenditures.
Unable to explain whether
the adequacy of cash flows
from operations is adequate
for cash required for capital
expenditures.
Material errors are
identified in the answer.
Did the cash flow from operations
cover the dividend payment made by
the firm (if any)?
/1 Clearly demonstrate the
sources of fund used for
and dividend.
Demonstrate outstanding
knowledge beyond
requirements on the topic.
Demonstrate the sources
of fund used dividend.
Minor errors.
Demonstrate very good
knowledge on the topic.
Address the question but
unable to clearly indicate
whether the cash flows
from operations were
enough
for dividend payment.
Demonstrate good
knowledge on the topic.
Answer the question
correctly with a simple
“yes” or “No” answer.
No discussion is
provided.
Demonstrate basic
knowledge on the topic.
Incorrectly answered the
question with a simple
“yes” or “No” answer.
No discussion is provided.
Demonstrate poor
knowledge on the topic.
If the firm has generated excess cash
from operations, how did the firm
invest the excess cash? If not, what
were the sources of cash the firm
used to pay for the capital
expenditures and/or dividends?
/1 Clearly identify and explain
whether the firm has
generated excess cash flows.
Present a good discussion on
free cash flows and uses of
excess cash flows.
Identify and explain
whether the firm has
generated excess cash
flows.
Present a reasonable
discussion on the concept
of free cash flows and uses
of excess cash flows.
Identify and explain
whether the firm has
generated excess cash
flows.
Present a discussion on the
concept of free cash flows
and uses of excess cash
flows with errors.
Identify and explain
whether the firm has
generated excess cash
flows with some errors.
No discussion is made
about free cash flows.
Incorrectly identify and
explain whether the firm
has generated excess cash
flows.
No discussion is made
about free cash flows.
Page 9 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Questions Marks Excellent Very Good Good Satisfactory Unsatisfactory
The discussion on uses of
excess cash flows is
unclear.
No discussion or incorrect
discussion is made on uses
of excess cash flows.
Did the firm use the working capital
(current asset and current liability)
accounts other than cash and cash
equivalents as sources of cash, or uses
of cash? (Answer this question using
only the Cash flow statement for BHP
Limited).
/2 Demonstrate a clear
understanding of how
changes in current assets and
current liabilities can be
source of fund and/or uses of
fund.
Correctly explain whether the
firm has used working capital
items as sources of operating
cash flows or uses of operating
cash flows.
Present a good
discussion on whether
the firm has used current
assets
and current
liabilities as sources of fund
or uses of fund.
Present an item-wise
discussion on each current
assets and current liability
items with minor errors.
Present a reasonable
discussion on whether the
firm has used current assets
and current
liabilities as sources of fund
or uses of fund.
Present an item-wise
discussion on each current
assets and current liability
items with material errors.
Present a discussion
on whether the firm
has used current
assets
and current
liabilities as sources of
fund or uses of fund
with minor errors.
Unable to present a
proper discussion on
each current assets and
current liability items.
Present an incorrect
discussion on whether the
firm has used current assets
and current liabilities as
sources of fund or uses of
fund.
Unable to present a proper
discussion on each current
assets and current liability
items.
What other major items affected
cash flows?
/1 Cash flows from sources other
than operating activities are
identified.
Cash flows from investing
activities and financing
activities are identified and
explained in detail.
Demonstrate a
comprehensive
understanding of the topic.
Cash flows from sources
other than operating
activities are identified.
Cash flows from investing
activities and financing
activities are identified and
explained with minor
errors.
Demonstrate a very good
understanding of the
topic.
Cash flows from sources
other than operating
activities are identified with
minor errors.
Cash flows from investing
activities and cash flows
from financing activities are
separately identified and
explained with material
errors.
Cash flows from sources
other than operating
activities are identified
with material errors.
Cash flows from
investing activities and
cash flows from
financing activities are
not separately identified
and explained.
Meet the requirements
but with limited
information and
discussion.
Demonstrate poor
knowledge on the topic.
No reasonable discussion is
provided on cash flows from
sources other than
operating activities.
The answers do not meet
the basic requirement as no
factual discussion is
provided.
Page 10 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Questions Marks Excellent Very Good Good Satisfactory Unsatisfactory
What was the trend in capital
expenditures for each firm?
/1 Trend in capital expenditures
for each of the three firms is
correctly identified and
discussed comprehensively.
Trend in capital
expenditures for each of
the three firms is correctly
identified.
A good level of discussion is
provided.
Trend in capital
expenditures for each of
the three firms is correctly
identified but not well
discussed.
Trend in capital
expenditures for each of
the three firms is
correctly identified.
No discussion on the
trend is provided.
Trend in capital
expenditures for each of
the three firms is not
correctly identified.
No discussion on the trend is
provided.
What was the trend in dividends (if
any) for each firm?
/1 Trend in dividends for each of
the three firms is correctly
identified and discussed
comprehensively.
Trend in dividends for each
of the three firms is
correctly identified.
A good level of discussion is
provided.
Trend in dividends for each
of the three firms is
correctly identified but not
well discussed.
Trend in dividends for
each of the three firms is
correctly identified.
No discussion on the
trend is provided.
Trend in dividends for each
of the three firms is not
correctly identified.
No discussion on the trend is
provided.
What was the trend in net borrowing
(proceeds from borrowing less
payments of short- and long-term
debt) for each firm?
/1 Trend in net borrowing for
each of the three firms is
correctly identified and
discussed comprehensively.
Trend in net borrowing for
each of the three firms is
correctly identified.
A good level of discussion is
provided.
Trend in net borrowing for
each of the three firms is
correctly identified but not
well discussed.
Trend in net borrowing
for each of the three
firms is correctly
identified.
No discussion on the
trend is provided.
Trend in net borrowing for
each of the three firms is
not correctly identified.
No discussion on the trend is
provided.
What was the trend in working capital
accounts? (Answer this question using
only the Cash flow statement for BHP
Limited).
/1 Trend in working capital is
correctly identified and
discussed comprehensively.
Item-wise discussion is
provided
Trend in the working
capital is correctly
identified.
A good level of
discussion is provided on
each item.
Trend in the working capital
is correctly identified.
The trend is not discussed
item-wise.
Trend in the working
capital is correctly
identified.
No discussion on the
trend is provided.
Trend in the working capital
is not correctly identified.
No discussion on the trend is
provided.
Critically evaluate the financial
strength of each of the three
companies based on the evidence
presented in the Statement of Cash
Flows.
/5 The financial situations of
all three companies are
comprehensively discussed
Logical and accurate
conclusion is drawn based
on the discussion.
A very good discussion is
provided on the financial
situations of all three
companies.
The financial situations of
all three companies are
discussed with scopes for
improvement.
Attempt to draw a
conclusion but
The financial situations
of all three companies
are discussed but most
of the discussion is basic
and scattered.
The financial
situations of all three
companies are discussed.
The discussions are not
logically linked.
Page 11 of 11
HI5020 Corporate Accounting Individual Assignment 2 2020
Questions Marks Excellent Very Good Good Satisfactory Unsatisfactory
Demonstrate outstanding
knowledge beyond
requirements on the topic.
Issues and facts are presented
and analyzed in a logical
manner.
Logical conclusion is
drawn based on the
discussion.
Demonstrate very good
knowledge on the topic.
Issues are discussed
adequately based on
sufficient research.
it is not logically and
factually sound.
Demonstrate of good
knowledge on the topic.
Discuss the issues based on
some research and facts
with scopes for
improvement.
The discussions are not
logically linked.
Demonstrate basic
knowledge on the topic.
Meet the requirements
but with limited
information and
discussion.
Demonstrate poor
knowledge on the topic.
The answers do not meet
the basic requirement as no
factual discussion is
provided.
If you are asked to evaluate these
three companies for lending purposes,
which of the three companies you will
select for lending? Explain Why.
/2 Make a clear and accurate
selection highlighting the
reason for the selection.
Discussion is based on facts
and figures.
Make a clear and accurate
selection.
A good level of discussion
is provided on the
selection.
Make a clear and accurate
selection.
A basic discussion is
provided on the reasons for
selection.
Make a clear and
accurate selection.
No discussion is provided
on the reason for the
selection.
The selection is inaccurate.
No reasonable
discussion is provided
on the reason for the
selection.
Conclusion /1 Apply your judgement
References /1 Apply your judgement
Total in Written assignment /30
Video presentation /10
Total /40

Posted in Blog

PEW Case Study
“International Partnerships on the Road to Ban Anti-Personnel Landmines,” Ann Peters,
The Ottawa convention
Question 1
The Ottawa convention was an activity that involved the prohibition of all the events that entailed the prevention of people from taking part in the production and also the transfer of any kind of anti-personnel mines. The convention came at a time when the area had been filled with war and miscommunication among the people. The negotiation took place for over one year and got implemented for fifteen months before it was consider to be an international law. The Ottawa convention had the mission of doing away with the use of weapons during war since many people had lost their lives in the events. The convention was still notable since it was a way of eradicating the doctrines that were rooted in the use of fighting forces that had an incorporation of armies and partnerships that were supposed to bring peace in the area. There were people who got the Nobel Peace Prize for being in the front line when it came to ensuring the right order was maintained. The most commonly known Nobel Peace Prize winner was Jody Williams.
Question 2
There were a number of characteristics drafted and led to making the Ottawa Process a model for future multilateral negotiations. The process happened to be an innovative model as it led to multilateral negotiations which many are now using as a means of problem solving. One of the characteristics is the fact that it bears the aspects of being single and also has messages that are clear to a great extent. This feature aims at helping all the survivors and also doing away with all antipersonnel landmines. The other characteristic is the incorporation of horrific humanitarian crisis which has a great impact on the civilians who had injuries during the war. There was also the existence of governments that facilitated all the operations that were conducted against the forces and tides at that time. There was also the aspect of carrying out a process that was rapid and involved the active negotiation of countries regardless of the fact that they had initially refrained from being part of the ban team.
Question 3
In the year 1992, International Coalition to Ban Landmines was started in Ottawa. The ban was established by a group of people and individuals as they all had the same mission and objectives. Yves Sandoz was one of the individuals who came up with ICRC that had the intention of ensuring that all the partnerships were successful. Senator Leahy was the other individual who stared the coalition that led to the ban as he was an engineer of the US moratorium. Secretary General Boutros-Ghali was also among the people who called for the ban as he was on the frontline to pose the international agenda which was used in the Review Conference.
Question 4
The NGOs were also some of the agencies that supported the ban on landmines. The NGOs initiated the ban by collaborating with ICBL which had been formed in the United States in the year 1992. The NGOs were also able to collaborate with medium sized nations and took part in close a communication with the governments that funded them in pushing for the ban. Some of the specific actions that they took in the process involved being part of the international agenda that needed to focus on the societies that were war torn during the anti-personnel landmines. In addition, they were part of the French Group and also the Handicap International that made it possible to review the first conference in the year 1980.
Pew Case 453, “Yugoslavia, 1991-92: Could Diplomacy Have Prevented a Tragedy?”
Question 1
The civil war in Yugoslavia had a great relation to the dynamics of the end of the Cold War in that it made the world to be in a less dangerous situation. The civil war in Yugoslavia led to the creation of significant threats that were supposed to make the area to be stable. Those who took part in the Cold War gave in to the threats and that was one of the ways a relationship existed between the civil war and the end of the Cold War (Bjork & Goodman, 1992). The organizations that were in the frontline during the Cold War gave in to the crisis, dangers and opportunities that came along with the civil war. In that essay writers case, they had to figure out a way of ensuring that everything was not out of hand regardless of the fact that the war was at its critical stage.
Question 2
The civil war in Yugoslavia is not related to the dynamics of the end of the Cold War in that the civil war led to an open warfare from the perspective of the historical roots. The actors in Yugoslavian war included the Serbs, the Bosnian Muslims, and the Croats who had a common language and did not want to have any connection with Cold War that had caused a lot of ethnic differences. Yugoslavia had a connection with the political association of Serbia as it wanted to ensure that the Cold War did not affect a large group of people. In that case, it refrained from being related to the Cold War which did not seem to come to an end. The Cold War led to the dissolution of many political parties as the Yugoslavian war had the intention of making the political leaders to give in to their demands regardless of the negativities that would arise.
Question 3
The diplomatic recognition by the foreign states affected the disintegration of Yugoslavia in that it led to a number of positive events in the country. The foreign states led to the establishment of peace initiatives for the country that was almost being disengaged from its normal operations. The foreign states led to the protection of human rights and also the creation of a democratic government in Yugoslavia (Bjork & Goodman, 1992). Yugoslavia had a number of civil wars that led to the disintegration of the departments that facilitated its economic development. In that case, the diplomatic recognition of foreign states was providing respect to the borders that existed at that time.
Question 4
The European community did not take more effective, united action concerning Yugoslavia because the country was not ready to undergo the delegations that were taking place at that time. The delegates in Yugoslavia were not ready engineer the activities that would make them to be on a low profile since that was the first stage of gaining peaceful negotiations. The European community therefore wanted to have a country that was ready to engage in talks regardless of the pressure and movements that people were forming at that time. There was also a wide gap between the northern republics and that was the other reason as to why the European Community was not able to intervene and promote a united action.

References
Bjork, J. E., & Goodman, A. E. (1992). “Yugoslavia, 1991-1992: Could Diplomacy Have Prevented a Tragedy?” Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.
Peters, A. (). “International Partnerships on the Road To Ban Antipersonnel Landmines Open Society Institute, Washington D.C.” UN Vision Project on Global Public Policy Networks

Posted in Blog

7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
https://xlitemprod.pearsoncmg.com/api/v1/print/math 1/7
1.
2.
3.
Student: Brian Luth
Date: 07/02/20
Instructor: Robson De Andrade
Course: MAT220_33_Statistics
I_2020_21_TERM1
Assignment: UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6
Homework
Which sampling method does not require a frame?
Choose the correct answer below.
A. Stratified
B. Simple random
C. Systematic
D. Cluster
E. All of the above sampling methods require a frame
Determine whether the following statement is true or false. Explain.
When obtaining a stratified sample, the number of individuals included within each stratum must be equal.
Choose the correct answer below.
A. False. A stratified sample is constructed by successively selecting a stratum at random and
then selecting a random individual from within that stratum. With this process, it is unlikely that
all strata will be sampled from the same number of times.
B. False. When taking a stratified sample, a simple random sample is drawn from one stratum at
random. All other strata will not be included in the sample.
C. False. Within stratified samples, the number of individuals sampled from each stratum should
be proportional to the size of the strata in the population.
D. True. Sampling the same number of people from each stratum will result in a sample that is
representative of the population at a lower cost than a simple random sample.
To estimate the percentage of defects in a recent manufacturing batch, a quality control manager at selects
every th that comes off the assembly line starting with the until she obtains a sample of
.
General Electric
15 refrigerator seventh 30
refrigerators
What type of sampling is used?
A. Systematic
B. Cluster
C. Simple random
D. Stratified
E. Convenience
7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
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4.
5.
6.
7.
To determine customer opinion of their , randomly selects during a certain week and
surveys all .
safety features Toyota 120 dealerships
customers visiting the dealerships
What type of sampling is used?
A. Convenience
B. Cluster
C. Systematic
D. Stratified
E. Simple random
wants to administer a satisfaction survey to its current customers. Using their customer database, the company
randomly selects customers and asks them about their level of satisfaction with the company.
IBM
50
What type of sampling is used?
A. Convenience
B. Simple random
C. Stratified
D. Cluster
E. Systematic
A club wants to sponsor a panel discussion on an upcoming
election. The club wants to have four of its members lead the
panel discussion. To be fair, however, the panel should
consist of two members of each party. Below is a list of
members in each party. Obtain a stratified sample of two
people from party 1 and two from party 2.
Party 1 Party 2
Bolden Nolan Cooper Ochs
Carter Pawlak Engler Rice
Haydra Tate Keating Thomas
Lukens Wright May Weber
Which of the following is a possible list of club members to
lead the panel discussion?
A. Pawlak, Nolan, Wright, Cooper
B. Pawlak, Nolan, Wright, Carter
C. Cooper, Keating, May, Pawlak
D. Cooper, Keating, May, Rice
E. Pawlak, Nolan, Cooper, Keating
The human resource department at a certain company wants to conduct a survey regarding worker benefits. The
department has an alphabetical list of all employees at the company and wants to conduct a systematic sample of size
.
7707
70
(a) What is k?
k =
(b) Determine the individuals who will be administered the survey. Randomly select a number from 1 to k. Suppose that
we randomly select . Starting with the first individual selected, the individuals in the survey will be ,
, …, .
15
7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
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8.
9.
For a poll of voters regarding a referendum calling for a national , design a sampling method to
obtain the inviduals in the sample. Be sure to support your choice.
renewable energy incentive
Which sampling method would most likely be used in a poll of voters regarding a referendum calling for a national
renewable energy incentive?
A. Use stratified random sampling. Since this is a national issue, different geographical locations
are likely to have similar views.
B. Use simple random sampling. Simple random sampling is always the best sampling method to
choose regardless of the survey conducted.
C. Use convenience sampling. A large number of voters is needed to accurately reflect the
nation’s voters; so a quick way to collect information is needed.
D. Use cluster sampling. Each geographical region can be treated as a mini-population because
voting results are independent of region.
E. Use systematic random sampling. By varying the k-value, a sampling of the whole nation can
be selected to achieve the needed accuracy.
What is a closed question? What is an open question? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of question.
What is a closed question? What is an open question?
A. A closed question always has yes or no answers, whereas an open question is a
free-response question.
B. A closed question has many correct answers, whereas an open question has only one correct
answer.
C. A closed question has fixed choices for answers, whereas an open question is a
free-response question.
D. A closed question is a free-response question, whereas an open question has fixed choices
for answers.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of question.
A. Closed questions are harder to analyze, because they limit the responses. Open questions
allow respondents to state exactly how they feel, but are easier to analyze due to the variety
of answers.
B. Closed questions allow respondents to state exactly how they feel, but are harder to analyze
due to the variety of answers and possible misinterpretation of answers. Open questions are
easier to analyze, but limit the responses.
C. Closed questions are easier to analyze, but limit the responses. Open questions allow
respondents to state exactly how they feel, but are harder to analyze due to the variety of
answers and possible misinterpretation of answers.
D. Closed questions are easier to analyze, because they usually gather more accurate data.
Open questions limit the responses, but are harder to analyze since not every viewpoint will
be covered.
7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
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10.
11.
The following survey has bias.
(a) Determine the type of bias.
(b) Suggest a remedy.
Suppose a survey regarding the sleeping habits of students is being conducted. From a list of
registered students, a researcher obtains a simple random sample of 150 students. One survey
question is “How much sleep do you get?”
(a) What is the type of bias?
Nonresponse bias
Response bias
Sampling bias
(b) What is a possible remedy?
Use systematic random sampling.
Reword the question.
Conduct face-to-face or telephone interviews.
A poll is being conducted
to obtain a sample of the population of an entire country. What is the frame for this
type of sampling? Who would be excluded from the survey and how might this affect the results of the survey?
using random digit dialing, which means a computer randomly
generates phone numbers of landlines
What is the frame for this type of sampling?
A. The frame is people who like to talk on the phone.
B. The frame is anyone with a landline phone.
C. The frame is people who are home during the day.
D. The frame is the entire population of the country.
Who would be excluded from the survey and how might this affect the results of the survey?
A.
This could result in sampling bias due to
undercoverage.
Any household without a landline phone, households on the do not call registry,
and homeless individuals are excluded.
B. is excluded. This could result in sampling
bias due to undercoverage.
Any person that does not like to talk on the phone
C.
This could result in nonresponse bias due to people
not participating in the poll.
Any household without a landline phone, households on the do not call registry,
and homeless individuals are excluded.
D. There is nobody that is being excluded from the survey.
7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
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12.
13.
Why is it rare for frames to be completely accurate?
Choose the correct answer below.
A. It is rare for frames to be accurate because individuals that were selected to be in the sample
do not always respond to the survey, which can create nonresponse bias.
B. It is rare for frames to be accurate because large sample sizes used in frames almost always
result in data-entry errors.
C. It is rare for frames to be accurate because frames are obtained in a way that causes the
sample to favor one part of the population over another.
D. It is rare for frames to be accurate because frames are obtained periodically, whereas
populations are constantly changing.
What are some solutions to nonresponse?
Select all that apply.
A. reduce interview error B. change wording of questions
C. use cluster sampling D. reduce undercoverage
E. use convenience sampling F. use stratified sampling
G. offer rewards and incentives H. attempt callbacks
7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
https://xlitemprod.pearsoncmg.com/api/v1/print/math 6/7
14. Define the following terms.
(a) Experimental unit (d) Factor
(b) Treatment (e) Placebo
(c) Response variable (f) Confounding
(a) Define experimental unit. Choose the correct answer below.
A. The quantitative or qualitative variable for which the experimenter wishes to determine how
its value is affected by the explanatory variable
B. A person, object, or some other well-defined item upon which a treatment is applied
C. Any combination of the values of the factors (explanatory variables)
D. An innocuous medication, such as a sugar tablet, that looks, tastes, and smells like the
experimental medication
(b) Define treatment. Choose the correct answer below.
A. The number of individuals in the experiment
B. Any combination of the values of the factors (explanatory variables)
C. The quantitative or qualitative variable for which the experimenter wishes to determine how
its value is affected by the explanatory variable
D. A controlled study to determine the effect varying one or more explanatory variables or
factors has on a response variable
(c) Define response variable. Choose the correct answer below.
A. An innocuous medication, such as a sugar tablet, that looks, tastes, and smells like the
experimental medication
B. The effect of two factors (explanatory variables on the response variable) cannot be
distinguished.
C. The variable whose effect on the response variable is to be assessed by the experimenter
D. The quantitative or qualitative variable for which the experimenter wishes to determine how
its value is affected by the explanatory variable
(d) Define factor. Choose the correct answer below.
A. An innocuous medication, such as a sugar tablet, that looks, tastes, and smells like the
experimental medication
B. A controlled study to determine the effect varying one or more explanatory variables or
factors has on a response variable
C. Grouping together similar experimental units
D. A variable whose effect on the response variable is to be assessed by the experimenter
(e) Define placebo. Choose the correct answer below.
A. An innocuous medication, such as a sugar tablet, that looks, tastes, and smells like the
experimental medication
B. A controlled study to determine the effect varying one or more explanatory variables or
factors has on a response variable
C. Grouping together similar experimental units
D. Using treatments on many experimental units
(f) Define confounding. Choose the correct answer below.
7/1/2020 UNIT 1 – Section 1.4 – 1.6 Homework-Brian Luth
https://xlitemprod.pearsoncmg.com/api/v1/print/math 7/7
15.
A. Using treatments on many experimental units
B. The effect of two factors (explanatory variables on the response variable) cannot be
distinguished.
C. A controlled study to determine the effect varying one or more explanatory variables or
factors has on a response variable
D. Grouping together similar experimental units
Explain the difference between a single-blind and a double-blind experiment.
Choose the correct answer below.
A. In a single-blind experiment, there is a control group. In a double-blind experiment, there is
both a control group and a placebo treatment is used.
B. In a single-blind experiment, the subject does not know which treatment is received. In a
double-blind experiment, neither the subject nor the researcher in contact with the subject
knows which treatment is received.
C. A single blind experiment is one in which each experimental unit is randomly assigned to a
treatment. A double-blind experiment is one in which similar experimental units are grouped
together and the experimental units within each block are randomly assigned to treatments.
D. In a single-blind experiment, the researcher does not know what the response variable is. In
a double-blind experiment, neither the subject nor the researcher knows what the response
variable is.

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7/2/2020 Week 3 – Assignment
https://ashford.instructure.com/courses/67489/assignments/1345587?module_item_id=3417585 1/2
Inventory
[WLOs: 1] [CLOs: 1, 2]
Using the appropriate tools and given information (e.g., formulas, Excel, etc.) complete the parts for
the two problems below. The answers can be included in the same document as the calculations. APA
formatting is not required.
3A – The following table contains figures on the monthly volume and unit costs for a random sample
of 16 items from a list of 2,000 inventory items at a health care facility.
Develop an A-B-C classification for these items.
Item Unit Cost Usage Item Unit Cost Usage
K34 $10 200 F99 $20 60
K35 25 600 D45 10 550
K36 36 150 D48 12 90
M10 16 25 D52 15 110
M20 20 80 D57 40 120
Z45 80 200 N08 30 40
F14 20 300 P05 16 500
F95 30 800 P09 10 30
Given the monthly usages in the following table, classify the items in A, B, and C categories
according to dollar usage.
Item Usage Unit Cost
4021 90 $1,400
9402 300 12
4066 30 700
6500 150 20
7/2/2020 Week 3 – Assignment
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9280 10 1,020
4050 80 140
6850 2,000 10
3010 400 20
4400 5,000 5
Determine the percentage of items in each category and the annual dollar value for each category
for part B.
3B – A bakery buys flour in 25-pound bags. The bakery uses 1,215 bags per year. Ordering cost is $10
per order. Annual carrying cost is $75 per bag.
Determine the economic order quantity.
What is the average number of bags on hand?
How many orders per year will there be?
Compute the total cost of ordering and carrying flour.
If holding costs were to increase by $9 per year, how much would that affect the minimum total
annual cost?

——–

7/2/2020 Week 2 – Assignment
https://ashford.instructure.com/courses/67489/assignments/1345586?module_item_id=3417580 1/3
Week 2 – Assignment
Due Jun 29 by 11:59pm Points 10 Submitting an external tool
Line Balancing
[WLOs: 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3,]
Assume a producer of Inkjet Printers is planning to add a new line of printers, and you have been
asked to balance the process given the task times and precedence relationships in the chart below.
Assume that cycle time is to be the minimum possible. In five slides or less (not including title or
reference slides), present your strategy and results using a PowerPoint presentation. Use the
Notes area to type any portion that will be spoken as the audio portion.
You may wish to include visual enhancements in your presentation. Students may wish to use the
Where to Get Free (and legal) Images
(https://content.bridgepointeducation.com/curriculum/file/5618416c-a94d-4ad6-948d89fe46c74674/1/MSCJ%20Where%20to%20Get%20Free%20Images.pdf) guide for assistance with
accessing freely available public domain and/or Creative Commons licensed images. It is
recommended that you access Garr Reynolds’ Top Ten Slide Tips
(http://www.garrreynolds.com/preso-tips/design/) and Simple Rules for Better PowerPoint
Presentations (http://www.gcflearnfree.org/powerpoint-tips/simple-rules-for-better-powerpointpresentations) web pages that provide useful assistance with creating successful PowerPoint
presentations.
Task
Length
(minutes)
Immediate
(Predecessor)
a 0.2 –
b 0.4 a
c 0.3 –
d 1.3 b, c
e 0.1 –
7/2/2020 Week 2 – Assignment
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This tool needs to be loaded in a new browser window
f 0.8 e
g 0.3 d, f
h 1.2 g
Carefully review the Grading Rubric
(http://ashford.waypointoutcomes.com/assessment/21783/preview) for the criteria that will be used to
evaluate your assignment.
Waypoint Assignment
Submission
The assignments in this course will be submitted to Waypoint. Please refer to the instructions
below to submit your assignment.
1. Click on the Assignment Submission button below. The Waypoint “Student Dashboard” will
open in a new browser window.
2. Browse for your assignment.
3. Click Upload.
4. Confirm that your assignment was successfully submitted by viewing the appropriate week’s
assignment tab in Waypoint.
For more detailed instructions, refer to the Waypoint Tutorial
(https://content.bridgepointeducation.com/curriculum/file/dc358708-3d2b-41a6-a000-
ff53b3cc3794/1/Waypoint%20Tutorial.pdf)
(https://content.bridgepointeducation.com/curriculum/file/dc358708-3d2b-41a6-a000-
ff53b3cc3794/1/Waypoint%20Tutorial.pdf) .
The session for this tool has expired. Please reload the page to access the tool again
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Story of Change and Story of Solutions

1. From the Story of Change, how could Gandhi and the Civil Rights Movement influence current environmental movements?
The current environmental movements can be influenced through applying Gandhi’s idea that one should be the change instead of waiting for change from other people. There are three concepts that current movements can use to promote change. The first concept entails sharing big ideas with others without discrimination, as whenever people come together that is when they realize the change that they wanted. Working together towards solving a problem is the second concept that can be applied to influence environmental change. The third concept that the environmental movements need to adopt is taking an action towards changing the way they treat the environment.
2. From the Story of Solutions, how does the author describe the GDP? What is it, and how is it related to environmental issues?
The author describes GDP as the ultimate goal that is realized when people’s aim is towards spending more goods and services that either makes life better or worse for human survival. It is evident that GDP is related to some environmental issues as it makes people use a lot of resources in their struggle to achieve a higher GDP and this is what makes them use more of the hazardous ecological products such as chemically toxic products and plastics, thus polluting the environment.
3. What is a “sharing economy”? How does a “cooperative’s function differently than most businesses?
“Sharing economy” is the collaborative consumption where people can borrow goods instead of buying and thus making access to such goods easier for everyone. The fact that whenever the shared solutions of a cooperative face the risk of being taken up by companies with might, citizens can come up to fight for the real democracy, is what makes a cooperative function differently from other firms. Also, when people come together, they can know their common goal and give the people power that opens their eyes to the truth and lessen the wealth gap between citizens.

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Title: Why Schools Should Not Cut Sports Program
According to Gutman and Dan, a sport is any human physical activity that is capable of achieving an outcome requiring physical skill that by nature is competitive and unanimously accepted as a sport (45). Sports can also be said to be any activity that involves physical skills that are controlled by set rules and is in most cases competitively undertaken. Therefore, a sport must have the characteristic of being a human activity, be governed by set rules, be undertaken competitively and be capable of achieving some outcome for it to qualify as a result. There are a number of sports that are undertaken in schools such as football, basketball, netball, and athletics among others. Sports are very important for every institution of learning and should not be abandoned as it has numerous advantages to the students and other educational sports stakeholders.
Due to the advancement in technology, physical movement and effort are minimal because all that we need is always a click away. With this, people are living a very sedentary lifestyle that is very unhealthy. Also, in this era where academic qualifications such as possession of a degree and cut off points define people, physical fitness has been given little attention. With high levels of concentration on studies and giving a little time on physical fitness may not lead to a lifetime satisfaction. The phrase “Too much work without play makes Jack a dull boy” makes sporting activities acceptable to everybody as an appropriate way of leading a healthy lifestyle and therefore cannot be abandoned in learning institutions.
Among the many advantages of sports is that it offers the student a number of personal, health and social advantages that include the development of the student’s skills, team self-esteem as well as increased relationship opportunities. It is noted by the University of Missouri Health system that playing sports contribute to healthy bones as well as reducing the risks of getting infected with breast cancer. Other sports such as soccer involve high amounts of aerobic exercise as well as reducing the amount of idle time at the disposal of the young students that often lead them to bad companies of peers and also relief them of stress. Also, team sports like basketball and, soccer help the students develop teamwork skills that are very crucial in many careers and organizations that need people who can communicate with other employees through challenges and keep focused on their shared organizational goals. The other reason why sports have to be upheld in schools is that sports whether recreational or organized help the participants build a relationship that they would not have had built if they never participated in sports since the students hang out with others and become good friends. Additionally, some students who participate in recreational sports, develop bonds with community members as well as co-workers that lead to social opportunities that go beyond the sporting activities.
As stated by Maniam and Vegneskumar, sports also help the students to have the feeling of one being alive as the brain part that is responsible for the muscular activity and co-ordination is close to that brain part that deals with feeling and thinking (57). It is obvious that these two parts have the power of influencing the other through neurotransmission and therefore the more one is physically active through sports, the more one feels alive as the feeling of scoring a goal, winning a trophy and conceding defeat in sports gives the student a sense of being alive. As stated earlier, sports help promote self-confidence by having the ability to learn something and achieving something worthwhile in sports makes the living experience enjoyable. When a student is self-confident, a particular charm is added to his or her personality thus helping the individual in his or her daily undertakings as whatever one wants to do in life, unless he or she is confident with him or herself and abilities then every aspect of life would not be worth.
With stress becoming an integrated part of life, stress that is associated with health, education, career, and ambitions has become more popular than ever before. With such a lifestyle that students have to adhere to, then they find themselves in some sort of stress that sports can offer a good gateway to eradicate stress and the problems it can pose to their health. When one I regularly involved in sports, he or she release the stress and other life negativities of life in a very positive manner. This makes the stress hormone adrenaline to be converted into energy and then used up in the sporting activities. Additionally, whenever students get involved in sports, their brain secretes a hormone endorphins that help the body in dealing with stress and pain thus giving them a healthy sense of well-being that is important for their growth.
Another indispensable advantage of sporting activities in schools is that they help build both physical and mental strength that is very important for survival. Every time students are involved in sports, they flex and exercise their muscles by use of muscular strength. On the other hand, when people strategize on winning a sporting activity and work towards it, they make use of muscular strength as well as their mental strength over and over again. Therefore, when students practice both their physical and mental abilities in sports, they are at a better position of using the abilities better in future. Also, sporting activities increases one’s speed in his or her day to day undertakings so as to keep up with the fast pace of the world. The ability to move around, making decisions and thinking in a faster manner is very vital in today’s world and sporting helps the students practice these skills on the playground.
With the many physical and mental health advantages portrayed in sports, it is suicidal to scrap sporting activities from the school programs as the advantages got from this activities will no longer be available to the students. Therefore, it is important for institutions of learning to encourage and support sporting activities in their respective schools so that they can produce an all way fit students.

References
Gutman, Dan. Sports. 2016.
Maniam, Vegneskumar. Sports Participation and Cultural Identity in the Experience of Young People. 2014.

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The Contemporary Spain

Democracy means the government of the people by definition. The transition to democracy in Spain can be said to be the restoration of democracy in Spain. There are four common factors that can be attributed to the restoration of democracy in Spain. The first factor that led to the restoration of democracy in Spain was the death of Francisco Franco in the year 1975 who was both a military and a political leader of Spain from the year 1939 to 1975 when he died. He used the dictatorial form of governance in the country and his death gave space for democracy to be restored in the country (Amell, 1990). The second factor was the adoption of the Spanish constitution of 1978 which advocated for a democratic form of governance. Thirdly, the failure of the attempted coup on the 23rd of February 1978 also supported the restoration of democracy. The last factor that can be attributed to the restoration of democracy in Spain was the victory of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) on the 28th of October 1978. This led to the election of a government of choice by the people of Spain. This restoration of democracy came about with some benefits to the nation such as enabling Spain to join the European Union and the NATO.
Despite the presence of many Spaniards who are not monarchists, king Joan Carlos is supported and respected throughout Spain because he is not only a king of monarchists of Spain but he is a symbol representing the embodiment of the Spanish state and also he is a symbol of the countries enduring unity and permanence hence he has to be respected by anyone who claims to be from patriotic to the country not regarding whether he or she is a monarchist or not.
After the death of Francisco Franco in the year 1975, a constitutional monarchy was adopted in Spain, giving the king of Spain the symbolic functions instead of the executive powers. The constitution also gave the people the right to elect the representatives in the Cortes Generales which comprise of congress of deputies and the senate whose major role is legislative. The congress of deputies anoints the president of the government who directs the executive. The judges also are relied upon on matters of judicial powers and the constitutional court was put in place to ensure that all laws made are constitutional. This led to the growth of democracy in Spain unlike during the reign of Francisco Franco.
Since the death of Franco, Spain has undergone several economic, social, cultural and economic changes. Spain’s economy has grown to be one of the largest economies in Europe and has contributed many multinational companies in the world. Also, Spain has grown to be one of the world’s socially progressive country by legalizing the marriage of same-sex couples in the 2005 and the introduction of fast-track divorce where couples were not supposed to undergo long processes so as to separate. Culturally, the society in Spain has become more secular and is less influenced by the Roman Catholic unlike in the reign of Francisco who used it as a major pillar of his regime. On the political side, Spain has changed in a big way by the degeneration of key governance institutions like the judiciary that were compelled during the Francisco Franco era. Other bodies such as the regulatory body and the court of auditors have also degenerated after the death of Francisco Franco.
The Spanish history has been changed by the army, religion and also their culture. The shaping of the present Spain has been made possible by the role played by these three aspects. The attempted coup by the army in the year 1978 led to the adoption of a democratic monarchy in the nation since it supported the restoration of democracy. The aspect of their society become more secular and less affected by the roman catholic has also led to the legalization of marriage between people of same sex thus giving every person the freedom to choose what he or she feels is good to him or her. The change in their cultures where women have been allowed to take up roles like those of their male counterparts has led to the growth of their economy since everyone has taken a role in building the society.
Since the death of Francisco, social values have changed tremendously with the lifting of the ban on the sale of contraceptives to women and also sex education started being offered in schools. Women started being treated equally as men and would be inculcated into the workforce, unlike the past where they just served the role of just wives. The church has also changed from the times it was used to control all the values of the Spanish people to today where the society has become secularized with laws such as abortion and the same-sex marriage being passed which are against the church vices.
As illustrated in the pictures, women in the twelfth century in Spain were regarded as just housewives and could not hold any elective or appointive positions in the government of Spain. In the 20th century, women started to occupy posts in the workforces and they have been regarded as equals to men today with some like Carme Chacón holding superior posts in the government like the sensitive defense minister dockets. This shows that women can do whatever man can do.

References
Amell, S. (1990). Literature, the arts, and democracy: Spain in the eighties. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

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